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Abrasive Blasting

Abrasive blasting or blast finishing, with all its variations, can provide enough power to remove heavy surface materials, or can be gentle enough to take print off paper without penetration. Typically, blasting provides one of three general – as a surface finishing, surface preparation, or surface modification process.

As a Surface Finishing Process:

  • Removing surface contamination
  • Creating a specific finish on a desired surface

As a Surface Preparation Process:

  • Roughening surfaces for the application of paint
  • Removing surface irregularities

As a Surface Modification Process, It Increases Compressive Stresses on the Surface:

  • Providing increased fatigue life
  • Decreasing susceptibility to stress corrosion
  • Correcting distortion
  • Forming structural steel and plate

Products for Abrasive Blasting

Cartridge

Donaldson Torit® advanced-technology cartridge dust collectors and a variety of filter media that conquer the challenges of most types of industrial dusts, including pharmaceutical, chemical, grain, bulk/powder, food, metal and others. ​​​


Downflo® WorkStation

Downflo® WorkStations are flexible, modular, self-contained collectors that allow worker movement and visibility, specifically designed for areas of dirty and/or noisy operation.

PowerCore®

Torit® PowerCore® dust collection technology use proprietary Ultra-Web nanofiber technology​, which allows for a smaller, more efficient filter, reducing the overall footprint of the dust collector.


PowerCore® CP Series

Extremely small but powerful package that handles high airflow, challenging particulate, and fits into the smallest places.

Baghouse

We offer a complete line of dependable, rugged baghouse dust collectors including RF, Dalamatic®, IRD, Unimaster® and many others to keep your operation running smoothly.


Unimaster®

The Unimaster® dust collector is an economical and effective solution for a diverse range of nuisance dust problems. 

Cabinet Series

Cabinet dust collectors provide reliable and economical solutions to in-plant dust and smoke control problems.

Abrasive Blasting or Blast Finishing

Regardless of its uses, there are only two basic methods of blasting – wet or dry with the major focus for dust control being of this summary will be on the dry blasting method.

Wet Blasting

Wet blasting is a precision finishing operation normally consisting of air-blasted slurries of fine abrasive suspended in chemically treated water. Controlled wet blasting can avoid metal removal and can hold dimensional tolerance to within 0.0001-inch. It can also hone multi-tooth hobs, and finish fragile items such as hypodermic needles. Wet blasting equipment is usualand finish fragile items such as hypodermic needles. Wet blasting equipment is usually cabinet style, and reserved for small, delicate workpieces.

Common Applications / Equipment in Dry Blasting and Shot Blast

Manual Cabinet, Rotary Basket, Rotary Table, Automated Feed Booths, Tumblers, Barrels, Oscillation Units, and Blast Rooms

Feed Materials

  • Media used in dry blasting processes can varies from facility to facility and from day to day within a facility, depending on the specific needs of the customer. The media used ranges in size from 20 to 6000 mesh and the style of blasting will determine the size of particulate collected.
  • Dust collection equipment selection must consider particulate from both the blasted material blasting material. The blasted materials can make up as much as 95% of the collected contaminate in the dust collector so fire, explosion, corrosive, or toxic considerations for the blasted material may define requirements for aspecific application.

Blasting Styles

Styles of dry blasting, will determine the loading conditions of the dust collector. Blasting styles include:

  • Direct pressure: provides a uniform finish in a short time, and offers more precise system controls, making the machines appropriate for heavy finishing jobs. This style to removes heavy mill scale or paint, reaches hard to reach recessed areas, odd shapes, large workpieces, and high-speed production. Consequently, this style produces heavy grain loading conditions.
  • Induction (suction): used for light to medium production, limited space, and/or where moderate budget requirements exist. Some pressure is lost to the media suction requirement; therefore, it is less efficient than direct pressure style. Usually reserved for cabinet type blasting units, this style does not generate high grain loading. However, if multiple cabinets are exhausted, grain loading can increase significantly.
  • The Airless or Blast Wheel: used in heavy production requirements where the need for automated systems and minimal human interface. Parts come to the blast machine either by mechanical coney or are loaded manually into the blast machine. Due to the amount of blast media used, these machines can produce heavy grain loading conditions.

Collection Strategy

  • Keep hoods as far from the actual blasting process as possible, but maintain proper removal of the contaminant from the blasting area. There are two advantages to keeping the collection hood at a distance:
    • reduce the possibility of clean or good blast media entering the dust collector
    • reduce the effects of abrasion in the collector, as only dust is collected
       
  • Have air enter the dust collector through one of the following inlet types. (Remember blast media removes material or alters a surface, and it will do the same thing to the dust collector and filter elements.)
    • Abrasion Resistant (A/R) Inlet,
    • Drop-out box,
    • Duct tapered to full inlet dimensions
    • Consider options to reduce collector media abrasion,
    • Abrasion Resistant Liner, or
    • Cyclone Prefilter
       
  • Dust loading to the collector plays a large part in how the collector performs. Even when blast media is not the most abrasive, a large volume can prove fatal to filter elements. Again, consider inlet conditions to reduce dust loadings to the collector.

  • Determining a volumetric flow rate for a blasting process involves review of the blasting equipment used, the blasted material, the blast media, and any specific customer requirements. Typical objectives are visible clarity, dust containment, and/or cross draft velocities.
    • Visible clarity requests often define the frequency of system air exchanges in a given volume. These requests are usually associated with the time it takes the blasting environment to become visually impaired. Recommendations of 60-100 cfm/ft2 of floor or ceiling, and 100 cfm/ft2 of wall space are common. Typical cabinet blasting recommendations are 20 air changes per minute.
    • Dust containment requests are associated with cabinet or automated blasting processes. Air volumes are determined based on the velocities necessary through open areas to prevent dust from escaping the enclosure. Dust containment requests are associated with cabinet or automated blasting processes. Air volumes are determined based on the velocities necessary through open areas to prevent dust from escaping the enclosure. Cabinet recommendations of 500 fpm through the open areas are common. For rotary tables, use 200 cfm/ft2 of opening.
    • Cross Draft velocity requirements are associated with blast rooms, and collector size is based on a given velocity across a given cross sectional area. Common recommendations are 100 acfm/ft2 of wall for crossdraft through the room, across the work piece, away from the worker(s). Lower control velocities may be used depending on toxicity of the contaminant, object and blasting media and the size of the blasting room.

Notes:

  • Special considerations for the material blasted are important. Blasting materials that are explosive, flammable, corrosive, or toxic means precautions are necessary for the dust collector.
  • Most blast media is used several times with only 5% - 8% of the media “spent” during a single blast sequence. Consider the material blasted with every application being careful not to mix incompatible materials in the same collector.
  • Blast media is abrasive, so apply abrasion-reducing features with each collector.
  • Due to the extremely wide variety of materials blasted, the various blast media available, and the differences in styles of blasting, not all applications are addressed in this report.

Definitions:

  1. Media – Substance used in an abrasive blasting operation. Media may be in granular, powder, pellet, or shard form depending upon specific customer requirements.
  2. Abrasive Blasting – The forcible application of an abrasive media to a surface by pneumatic pressure, hydraulic pressure, or centrifugal force.
  3. Blast cleaning barrel – A complete enclosure which rotates on an axis, or which has an internal moving tread to rumble the parts, in order to expose various surfaces of the part to the action of the blast spray.
  4. Blast cleaning room – A complete enclosure in which blasting operations are performed and where the operator works inside of the room to operate the blasting nozzle and direct the flow of the abrasive material.
  5. Blasting cabinet – An enclosure where the operator stands outside and operates the blasting nozzle through an opening or openings in the enclosure.
  6. Rotary blast cleaning table – An enclosure where the pieces to be cleaned are positioned on a rotating table and are passed automatically through a series of blast sprays.

Applications

Model: DFO 4-112
Application: Abrasive Blasting
Location: Mexico

Model: DFO 4-112
Application: Abrasive Blasting
Location: California

Model: DFO 3-48
Application: Truck Blasting
Location: Michigan

Model: DFO 3-6 and DFO 4-32
Application: Abrasive Blasting
Location: Oklahoma

Model: DFO 4-64
Application: Abrasive Blasting
Location: California

Six Things to Consider When Purchasing a Dust Collector

We advise the following six considerations to ensure you get exactly what you need in a dust collection system.

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Dura-Life™ Filter Media Technology

Dura-Life bag filters are engineered with a unique
hydro-entanglement process that provides a better surface loading of dust.

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